Ensuring that each child is well-equipped to achieve his or her academic potential
An assessment in special education, or psycho-educational assessment, is designed to determine a child’s learning strengths and challenges. It is generally used to screen for specific learning disabilities.
A test to determine a numerical representation of a child’s intellectual level, which represents his or her general cognitive ability
Intelligence testing is a method used by clinical psychologists to measure a child’s intellectual capabilities in several specific domains, as these are a good indication of a child’s cognitive abilities and academic potential.
A way of understanding child's capabilities in reading, writing, expression, perception, and communication
The educational assessment is done by trained Special Educators and involves a battery of tests:
- Woodcock - Johnson III and IV Tests of Cognitive Abilities and Tests of Achievement
- Test of Written Language (TOWL)
- Neale Analysis of Reading Ability (NARA)
- Test of Reading Comprehension (TORC)
An informal way of assessing a child’s academic level of functioning
Functional assessments are referred for:
- children who score very low on the IQ assessment
- children who are younger than 7 years and showing signs of learning difficulties
- children for whom ‘English Language’ is very difficult to read, follow, understand and write
For students in SSC schools, the SSC board mandates that testing be done at municipal hospitals in Mumbai. Ummeed will provide details about these hospitals so that families can navigate their systems better.
Diagnosis and Plan of Action
Scoring Following the assessments, the items are scored and an interpretation is made.
Discussion with familyThe Special Educator discusses the child’s difficulties with the family, as well as the reasons behind them and strategies that can be used to help and support the child. Special Educators keep in mind the strengths and challenges of each family so that suggested strategies have a greater chance of being used at home.
Further recommendationsIf a child is diagnosed with learning disabilities, the Special Educator gives recommendations both for the child’s parents and teachers, so that some concessions can be given to the child outlined by the government for children with learning disabilities. The child is also referred for remedial services in order to improve his or her areas of underachievement.
Remedial therapy helps learners with learning difficulties and disabilities achieve a higher level of success and self confidence in school and community. It may be useful for students diagnosed with learning disabilities, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, autism spectrum disorder, intellectual impairment, hearing impairment or cerebral palsy.
Sessions with a Special Educator
The Special Educator is not a tutor, but a person who works directly with the child using certain specific strategies or techniques pertaining to the area of difficulty
Customized plan of action
Each child has an Individualized Education Plan, a specially planned and systematically followed arrangement of teaching procedures and materials, accessible settings and other interventions
Special Educators actively involve parents and caregivers in making plans of action as well as therapy sessions to empower them to work with their child at home
Receptive and expressive language
Decoding and reading capacity
Spelling and writing
Word retrieval skills
Visual perceptual skills
Ushma Doshi | Mala Mehta | Mallika Mehta | Joyeeta Sen
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